'Steps to Reading'
We are using the Science of Reading to prevent reading difficulties; early intervention matters! The program is explicit, systematic, fast paced, engaging and seeks to help the highest number of children reach the stage of using 'Orthographic mapping' as quickly and easily as possible. We aim to send all children to school with good phonemic awareness; many will be independently reading books of their choice, for pleasure.
Orthographic mapping is the process readers use to store written words for immediate, effortless retrieval. It is a means by which readers turn unfamiliar written words into familiar, instantaneously accessible sight words. —Kilpatrick, 2015, p. 81
Phases of Word-Reading Development (Ehri, 1996; Ehri & Snowling, 2004)
The central focus of this model is that to be able to recognize words “by sight” during fluent reading, a reader must master phoneme-grapheme mapping, or the alphabetic principle.
This understanding progresses in phases, each supported by specific instruction.
The phases are not stages, as they are part of a predictable developmental continuum.
Prealphabetic reading: The child may use incidental visual clues to “read” familiar words but does not yet understand that letters represent speech sounds.
Partial alphabetic reading and writing: The child has some letter-knowledge and phoneme awareness and may represent some letter-sounds in words.
Full alphabetic reading and writing: The child has phoneme awareness, knows basic sound/ symbol correspondences, and can sound out words and spell phonetically.
Consolidated alphabetic reading: The child has some sight vocabulary, uses strategies to figure out unknown words, and may segment words into morphological units. Because the recognition of words is mostly automatic, attention can be devoted primarily to comprehension.
The following shows the explicit BASIC systematic phonics teaching order. There are 4 'Code Levels'.
Decodable texts are used to enable children to practise blending these graphemes within 'real' texts.
Download free Decodable Reader Guide.
Students explore the phoneme to grapheme mapping using a Speech to Print Approach.